PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL PDF

adminComment(0)

Production planning and control is a tool available to the management to achieve Thus production planning and control can be defined as the “direction and. This book contains the course content for Production Planning and Control. ourseMaterial%5Cmmzg%5CMOMLpdf> Accessed 30 November The paper examines the current state of Production Planning and Control (PPC), identifies some technical and systems changes that have occurred over recent.


Production Planning And Control Pdf

Author:HARRIS HANSARD
Language:English, Dutch, German
Country:East Timor
Genre:Environment
Pages:539
Published (Last):04.12.2015
ISBN:185-8-64501-506-2
ePub File Size:15.71 MB
PDF File Size:11.15 MB
Distribution:Free* [*Register to download]
Downloads:27569
Uploaded by: REVA

PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL. What is ppc? “The highest efficiency in production is obtained by manufacturing the required quality of product, of. ABSTRACT. Production planning and control is concerned with implementing the plans, i.e. the detailed scheduling of jobs, assigning of workloads to machines. This note discusses the role of models in production planning and control. planning and control, together with so many other experienced operations.

It makes all the more important for entrepreneur to judge ahead of time what should be done, where and when thus to leave nothing to chance once the work has begun.

Production Planning and Control

Production control: Production control is the process of planning production in advance of operations, establishing the extract route of each individual item part or assembly, setting, starting and finishing for each important item, assembly or the finishing production and releasing the necessary orders as well as initiating the necessary follow-up to have the smooth function of the enterprise. The production control is of complicated nature in small industries.

The production planning and control department can function at its best in small scale unit only when the work manager, the download manager, the personnel manager and the financial controller assist in planning production activities.

The production controller directly reports to the works manager but in small scale unit, all the three functions namely material control, planning and control are often performed by the entrepreneur himself production control starts with dispatching and ends up with corrective actions.

Dispatching involves issue of production orders for starting the operations. Necessary authority and conformation is given for: Movement of materials to different workstations. Movement of tools and fixtures necessary for each operation. Beginning of work on each operation.

Recording of time and cost involved in each operation. Movement of work from one operation to another in accordance with the route sheet.

Inspecting or supervision of work Dispatching is an important step as it translates production plans into production. Follow up: Every production programme involves determination of the progress of work, removing bottlenecks in the flow of work and ensuring that the productive operations are taking place in accordance with the plans. It spots delays or deviations from the production plans. It helps to reveal detects in routing and scheduling, misunderstanding of orders and instruction, under loading or overloading of work etc.

All problems or deviations are investigated and remedial measurer are undertaken to ensure the completion of work by the planned date.

This is mainly to ensure the quality of goods. It can be required as effective agency of production control. Corrective measures: Corrective action may involve any of those activities of adjusting the route, rescheduling of work changing the workloads, repairs and maintenance of machinery or equipment, control over inventories of the cause of deviation is the poor performance of the employees.

FUNCTIONS OF PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL - Production and Operations Management

Certain personnel decisions like training, transfer, demotion etc. Alternate methods may be suggested to handle peak loads. Circle the key words, which do not belong to this lesson. Match the following Routing Working out of time that should be required to perform each operation Scheduling To assign the work to the operations at machines or work place Loading To determine the best and cheapest sequence of operations Activity 3: They need to embrace management principles surrounding production processes, which are effective for the products manufactured by them.

An upfront planning and study of the critical factors of the manufacturing processes will not only help the small scale entrepreneurs to understand the steps they need to take in selecting the most appropriate manufacturing process but also help them identify areas of risk so that necessary control procedures are put in place.

This will eventually help the small entrepreneur to eliminate the wastages and increase the production, productivity and profits. Discuss with examples various manufacturing processes? What factors affect the choice of manufacturing process? Write short notes on a. Production planning b. Relationship between production planning and control 4. What do you understand by production planning and control?

Discuss its elements in brief. State the requirements for an effective system of production planning and control?

What benefits can small scale enterprises can derive by installing an effective system of production planning and control?

Adam, Everette E. Ebert Pearson Education, New Delhi. Buffa, E. Wily, 3.

Charantimath, Poornima , Total Quality Management. Desai, Vasant Dr. Himalaya Publishing House, 5. Dilworth, James B Production and Operations Management. Eilon, Samuel. Elements of Production Planning and Control, Bombay: Universal Book Co.

Gaither, Norman Production and Operations Management, 4th ed. The Dryden Press, Poland.

Mayur Paper Backs 9. Landy, T. This function is carried out using extensive analysis of operations along with methods and routing and a standard time for operation are established using work measurement techniques.

Loading and scheduling: Scheduling is concerned with preparation of machine loads and fixation of starting and completion dates for each of the operations.

Machines have to be loaded according to their capability of performing the given task and according to their capacity. Thus the duties include: Loading, the machines as per their capability and capacity.

Determining the start and completion times for each operation. To coordinate with sales department regarding delivery schedules. Dispatching: This is the execution phase of planning. It is the process of setting production activities in motion through release of orders and instructions. It authorizes the start of production activities by releasing materials, components, tools, fixtures and instruction sheets to the operator.

The activities involved are: To assign definite work to definite machines, work centers and men. To issue required materials from stores.

To issue jigs, fixtures and make them available at correct point of use. Release necessary work orders, time tickets, etc. To record start and finish time of each job on each machine or by each man. Expediting: This is the control tool that keeps a close observation on the progress of the work.

FUNCTIONS OF PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL - Production and Operations Management

The next step is the execution of the schedule plan as per the route chalked out it includes the assignment of the work to the operators at their machines or work places. So loading determines who will do the work as routing determines where and scheduling determines when it shall be done. Gantt Charts are most commonly used in small industries in order to determine the existing load and also to foresee how fast a job can be done. The usefulness of their technique lies in the fact that they compare what has been done and what ought to have been done.

Most of a small scale enterprise fail due to non-adherence to delivery schedules therefore they can be successful if they have ability to meet delivery order in time which no doubt depends upon production of quality goods in right time. It makes all the more important for entrepreneur to judge ahead of time what should be done, where and when thus to leave nothing to chance once the work has begun. Production control: Production control is the process of planning production in advance of operations, establishing the extract route of each individual item part or assembly, setting, starting and finishing for each important item, assembly or the finishing production and releasing the necessary orders as well as initiating the necessary follow-up to have the smooth function of the enterprise.

The production control is of complicated nature in small industries. The production planning and control department can function at its best in small scale unit only when the work manager, the download manager, the personnel manager and the financial controller assist in planning production activities.

The production controller directly reports to the works manager but in small scale unit, all the three functions namely material control, planning and control are often performed by the entrepreneur himself production control starts with dispatching and ends up with corrective actions. Dispatching involves issue of production orders for starting the operations.

Necessary authority and conformation is given for: Movement of materials to different workstations. Movement of tools and fixtures necessary for each operation.

Beginning of work on each operation. Recording of time and cost involved in each operation. Movement of work from one operation to another in accordance with the route sheet. Inspecting or supervision of work Dispatching is an important step as it translates production plans into production.

Follow up: Every production programme involves determination of the progress of work, removing bottlenecks in the flow of work and ensuring that the productive operations are taking place in accordance with the plans. It spots delays or deviations from the production plans. It helps to reveal detects in routing and scheduling, misunderstanding of orders and instruction, under loading or overloading of work etc. All problems or deviations are investigated and remedial measurer are undertaken to ensure the completion of work by the planned date.

This is mainly to ensure the quality of goods. It can be required as effective agency of production control. Corrective measures: Corrective action may involve any of those activities of adjusting the route, rescheduling of work changing the workloads, repairs and maintenance of machinery or equipment, control over inventories of the cause of deviation is the poor performance of the employees.

Certain personnel decisions like training, transfer, demotion etc. Alternate methods may be suggested to handle peak loads. Circle the key words, which do not belong to this lesson. Match the following Routing Working out of time that should be required to perform each operation Scheduling To assign the work to the operations at machines or work place Loading To determine the best and cheapest sequence of operations Activity 3: They need to embrace management principles surrounding production processes, which are effective for the products manufactured by them.

An upfront planning and study of the critical factors of the manufacturing processes will not only help the small scale entrepreneurs to understand the steps they need to take in selecting the most appropriate manufacturing process but also help them identify areas of risk so that necessary control procedures are put in place.

This will eventually help the small entrepreneur to eliminate the wastages and increase the production, productivity and profits. Discuss with examples various manufacturing processes? What factors affect the choice of manufacturing process?

Write short notes on a. Production planning b. Relationship between production planning and control 4. What do you understand by production planning and control?

Discuss its elements in brief. State the requirements for an effective system of production planning and control? What benefits can small scale enterprises can derive by installing an effective system of production planning and control? Adam, Everette E.

1st Edition

Ebert Pearson Education, New Delhi. Buffa, E. Wily, 3. Charantimath, Poornima , Total Quality Management. Desai, Vasant Dr. Himalaya Publishing House, 5. Dilworth, James B Production and Operations Management. Eilon, Samuel. Elements of Production Planning and Control, Bombay: Universal Book Co.

Production and Operations Management Related Tutorials

Gaither, Norman To sum up we may say that PPC is of immense value to the entrepreneur in capacity utilization and inventory control. Skip to main content.

The reverse is true for batch process thus at low volume it would be cheaper to install and maintain a batch process and line process becomes economical at higher volumes. Recording of time and cost involved in each operation. The following figure indicates the choice of process as a function of repetitiveness. Most of a small scale enterprise fail due to non-adherence to delivery schedules therefore they can be successful if they have ability to meet delivery order in time which no doubt depends upon production of quality goods in right time.

Once a product is designed, it prevails for a long time therefore various factors are to be considered before designing it.

MIGUELINA from Fullerton
Look through my other articles. I have only one hobby: gatka. I am fond of reading novels scarcely .
>